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dyslexia - August 30th 2011, 03:12 AM

how do you help someone with dyslexia? what does it mean and stuff?


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Re: dyslexia - August 30th 2011, 06:14 PM

I can't really help you on this subject because I don't know much about it. I do know that they have classes that people can take and that the younger they start getting help, the easier it is for the help to actually help.
   
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Re: dyslexia - August 31st 2011, 01:10 AM

okay, thanks for responding though. I have a friend with dyslexia living with me right now, she just found out that she has it. so, we're a bit lost in the dark. but thanks!


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For I am the Lord your God who takes hold of your right hand and says to you, Do not fear; I will help you.


God is the God of second chances
   
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Re: dyslexia - August 31st 2011, 02:00 AM

Well, I only know basics about it, but I guess I'll explain what I do know.

Generally dyslexia is a disorder that effects the ability to read, write and complete math equations. It's an ordering issue that often creates bad grammar and mis-spellings.

The word: Equal for instance could appear as something like "Euaql" one time, but the next time the ordering would be totally different. Obviously this makes reading very tricky, and writing is even harder.

Math equations often end up jumbled and disordered in a dyslexic's head, and this also creates confusion. We mentally spell out words or compute problems subconsiously, for a dyslexic this makes things much harder.

Often if people begin to work with the dyslexic before the sixth grade, they can learn to better understand their school work, as they work on ordering the letters and focusing.

Often dyslexics do no preform well in school and because they do not understand what they are supposed to be doing, they behaviour badly, or act rowdy. They are often branded as "Troubled students" and brushed off. This makes dyslexia that much worse, because it leads the dyslexic to believe that they are simply stupid, instead of confused, and dealing with a disorder.

Your friend is probably relieved to kow that all along they were not stupid, and they were not misbehaving for no reason. They are probably happy that it is a problem they can work through, and they no longer have to grapple with not understanding printed media.

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Re: dyslexia - August 31st 2011, 07:55 AM

There are actually 3 types of dyslexia: auditory, visual and attentional
What Justin has described, which is a very good introductory understanding by the way, is most accurate of the visual type.

Auditory would naturally be the same sort of thing, but with what is heard instead of what is read.

Attentional dyslexia is a different beast. Take this example (which is paraphrased from memory, from something I read years ago in one of my Mom's teaching books): A child reads the sentence "The horse jumped over the fence."
In an average child's mind, they are visualizing a horse, which is probably running in a field or an arena, approaching a fence, jumping it, landing, and continuing on somewhere. It's simple, it's fluid, and they're on to the next sentence.
A child with attentional dyslexia starts out with a horse, which is probably standing around, because they haven't yet processed that it's doing something. Now it's in the air, because it jumped, but we're not exactly sure what or why it jumped yet. Now we have a fence, but the horse is gone and forgotten about.


There are a few important things to keep in mind if you want to help someone who has dyslexia:
- Improving this person's skills does not mean erasing dyslexia. This cannot be done. Improving their skills means helping them to process information in whatever way works for them.
- Stress & anxiety make dyslexia worse. Practice the affected task(s) in a stress-free environment if possible. Try to make it a positive experience and don't push it.
- Practice orally & visually at the same time. Read out loud while following the text on a page, for example. No matter which it is that your friend has more trouble with (written or spoken language), pairing it with the other will help understanding.
- When it comes to school work and testing, if written language is what your friend's problem is, testing by dictation might be something to look into. For reading & writing assignments, technology is your friend! There are countless programs out there for the visually impaired that will read text & take dictation that can also be very useful for people with language disorders.


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